What is GIFT?
Gamete intra-fallopian transfer (GIFT) is a form of assisted reproduction technique, however not such a common treatment procedure, it involves the same first, second and third steps as IVF.
The three steps of IVF include:
1. Boosting the development of eggs
2. Monitoring the growth of the eggs using ultrasound and administering medication to ensure that the eggs mature.
3. A laparoscopy is performed and after the eggs have been collected, they are placed together with the sperm sample in a catheter (tube).
*The eggs and sperm are injected into the fallopian tube through this catheter, within 24 hours. Fertilisation may then take place in the body and not in the laboratory as with IVF.
When is GIFT appropriate?
The procedure has been successful with couples that have:
- unexplained infertility
- a low sperm count
- IVF treatment has failed.
Requirements for success with GIFT
- At least 1 million sperm per milliliter after preparation.
- At least 1 normal and open Fallopian tube.